Gross motor skills

Gross motor skills are acquired in childhood and are the physical skills that require whole body movement. Large (core stabilising) muscles are involved to help us perform daily activities such as sitting, standing and walking. Gross motor skills impact our ability to engage in activities of daily living and are influenced by other systems such as our ability to process sensory information. Difficulties with gross motor skills can have significant consequences in how we engage with our environment, perform functional tasks and engage socially as well impacting our emotional well-being.

Fine motor skills

Fine motor skills involve the use of the smaller muscles of the hands. They are essential for functional tasks such as doing up buttons and are also a key component of other occupations such as play (eg: building Lego) and academic learning (eg: handwriting). Fine motor skill efficiency affects the speed and quality of task performance. They are influenced by other key skills such as visual motor integration and bilateral coordination. Consequently, poor fine motor skills can impact a wide range of occupations which in turn, can impact occupational identity and emotional well-being. 


Handwriting is the summation of the integration of multiple skills including (but not limited to) fine and gross motor skills, visual perceptual skills and sensory processing. Therefore, despite the increase in the use of technology in recording information, handwriting remains important because of the variety of skills that are involved in producing a piece of writing. 

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1a Silver Road, Norwich, Norfolk, NR3 4TX

Tel: 01603 767498

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